Learning the Difference between Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy

Becoming Part of the Medical Team

There is no doubt that medicine is one of the many professional fields that have a wide range of different professions one can practice. The doctor profession alone branches out to several fields of specialty, such as oncology, gynecology and obstetrics, ophthalmology, pediatrics, and more!

However, the doctors are not the only professionals who make up the whole medical team, as there are other professionals who contribute just as much as they do. These said medical professionals are nurses, radiologists, medical technologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, etc.

All the different professions in the medical field play a crucial role to providing quality healthcare to their patients. In fact, if a medical team or hospital in general lacks even just one of these type of medical professions, they may not be able to function properly.

Having various professions in the medical field is also a good thing for students, as it gives them more opportunities to discover where they can excel. They have choices as to which medical course they would like to study, instead of being limited to being either a doctor or a nurse.

Two Widely Popular Medical Courses

Among the many medical courses out there offered by a variety of universities, there are two that have become increasingly popular over a short period of time. Most people are probably already aware as to what these medical courses are, but for those who are not, the said courses are occupational therapy and physical therapy.

Both occupational therapy and physical therapy fall under the field of rehabilitation sciences, and are quite closely related to each other. Sometimes due to how closely related they are, people often have the common misconception that the two are synonymous.

While occupational therapy and physical therapy can often overlap, the two are still different from each other in a number of ways. For further explanation, below are a couple of individual characteristics of these two courses:

Occupational Therapy

  • An occupational therapist evaluates a patient’s functional abilities and uses the information gathered to think of ways to improve such abilities. This is often done following an accident that may have left a patient physically impaired, as regular day-to-day activities and even the entire lifestyle of a person can significantly change. Occupational therapists do not directly treat a person’s injuries post-operation, but instead they somehow come up with a new lifestyle plan to make things easier while they are recovering.
  • Occupational therapists help ensure that a patient is able to do regular work even with a physical impairment through the recommendation of the right adaptive equipment or tools. Most of the time, an occupational therapist would also show the patient how to use such equipment to their advantage. Certain types of adaptive equipment an occupational therapist would recommend are special types of utensils and dishes, dressing aids, positioning splits, reachers, and more.

Physical Therapy

  • Physical therapists are the medical professionals who directly deal with a patient’s injury after an operation. They help remedy any physical impairments or disabilities that affect the mobility and functional ability of a patient. This remediation can come in the form of manual therapy or massages and stretches, or helping the patient do exercises to restore his normal functional ability.
  • The focus of a physical therapist is to implement certain treatments that help relieve a patient’s pain. Through relieving their pain, a patient can gain better mobility and maybe even be able to move normally. Through physical therapy, patients can get relief from pain and be able to walk, get in and out of bed, stand up properly and more.

Choose an Occupational or Physical Therapy Course at Cagayan de Oro

For students in Cagayan de Oro who want to become future occupational or physical therapists, they can take up the courses offered at Liceo U. You can visit the university at Rodolfo N. Pelaez Blvd., Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro City or make a call at (63) (88) 8584093 to 95 local 217.

You can even look up more information on these courses and more on their website, www.liceo.edu.ph!


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